The male southern red bishop (Euplectes orx) has a unique feature known as eclipse plumage, which alters in color depending on the season. During breeding season, these males exhibit vibrant hues such as red and orange eyes, brownish wings, and a brown tail. Their black chest and belly contrast sharply with their scarlet to orange undertail coverts and upper chest, while their crimson hair and mask-like characteristics give them an overall striking appearance.
On the other hand, the male breeding bishops are quite striking with their large teeth and colorful plumage. However, the females and non-breeding males are not as eye-catching, having smaller teeth and noticeable eyebrows in a beige hue. This plain appearance makes it challenging to tell them apart from other bishop species.
The Southern red Bishop bird is commonly found in the wetlands and grassy regions of Africa situated south of the Equator. However, its place is taken by the Northern red bishop north of the Equator. During the breeding season, this bird prefers to nest in areas with grasses, reeds, sedges, and crops like soybean. But after that period, it moves on to drier grasslands and savannas.
The Southern Red Bishop, a bird with a diverse palate, eats both seeds and insects as part of its diet.