The Machaeropterus striolatus, commonly referred to as the western striped manakin, is a bird belonging to the Pipridae family. This avian species boasts of short tails and strikingly striolated stripes that work harmoniously to create an eye-catching visual impact. The male western striped manakin displays an olive upper body and a crimson head and neck, with stiffened and larger secondaries that have white tips. It has also tightened its tail, which adds to its unique appearance. The top breast has a red broken band while most of the underparts are strongly striped. Furthermore, this bird has a light grey tail, making it a standout among other birds in its family.
The upper part of the female bird’s body is completely olive in color while the lower portion is dull white. It has a pale olive-colored breast and sides with slim, whitish lines running along its breast side.
The Striolated Manakin can only be found in specific areas of South America, mainly in the western and northern regions. Its habitat extends from northern Peru to western Brazil, reaching eastern Ecuador and Colombia, and going as far north as western Venezuela. It can also be found in the Tepui area of southern Venezuela, with the exception of one specimen discovered in western Guyana during the 19th century.
These feathered creatures have a preference for calling the lower and middle levels of damp forests their home, particularly ones that are stable and well-established. Every now and then, they venture towards the outskirts of the woods.
Fruits are the main diet of these creatures, but they also munch on insects that they catch while moving around and flying swiftly.
Similar to their counterparts, male manakins do not have any nesting duties. Instead, they partake in lek displays that involve explosive movements and sounds. These displays take place on low hills, with just a few individuals present at one time. When a female does arrive, the males switch to short vertical jumps accompanied by buzzing notes and vibrating wings. Each male has their preferred perches to call from throughout the day. The females are responsible for rearing the offspring, but there is not much more information accessible about these birds.
The IUCN Red List has classified this particular species as being at a lower risk of endangerment.