a small, gemlike, woodland species usually found in pairs. its rather large head, long bill, and short tail create a unique profile. also note the shimmering green upperparts and red throat. No similar species occur within its range. it usually hunts from low-to-middle level perches, sitting nearly still before leaping upwards to snatch prey. Vocalizations include a scratchy “zheh,” given in series at a rate of about one per second and a brief rapid rattle.