The Australian golden whistler is a delightful little songbird with a sharp, tiny beak. The male bird boasts an olive upper body and yellow underside, and is distinguished by its black head and contrasting white neck. Its wings and back are also a shade of olive green, and it has a bright yellow nape and underside. In comparison, the male Norfolk golden whistler resembles the female in terms of plumage.
While a few Australian species may possess golden undertail coverts, the females are typically dull brownish-grey in hue. Both males and females have reddish-brown eyes, dark legs, and a black beak. They are particularly recognized for their melodious and forceful vocalizations.
The bird species in question can be spotted in different parts of Australia, ranging from scrublands and mangroves to mallee and wooded areas. However, it is not commonly found in the country’s central region or most of its northern territories. While many of these birds dwell in Australia all year round, some from the southeastern part migrate northward during winter.
The Australian golden whistler is a common bird that can be found in most forests, but they are more likely to be seen in deep woods. They have a varied diet that includes berries, insects, spiders, and other tiny arthropods. While they sometimes join mixed-species feeding groups, they mostly forage on their own and tend to stay at the lower to intermediate levels of trees.
The breeding period of this particular kind of bird takes place between the months of September and January. The nest is a cozy little bowl that’s made using a combination of twigs, grass, bark, and connected with spider web. Both the male and female birds work together to build it. During each season, only one brood is raised, and the hatchlings are nurtured and looked after by both parents. It takes about 15 days for the eggs to hatch, after which the fledglings leave the nest in about 12 days.
The popularity of the Australian golden whistler has increased over time, and it is now considered to be a moderately common species with no major concerns. However, the Norfolk golden whistler faces various threats such as habitat loss and fragmentation, and imported predators such as the black rat, which have caused a decline in their population. As a result, the Australian government has declared them as a vulnerable species since they are primarily restricted to Norfolk Island National Park.