The Eurasian Bullfinch is a delightful bird native to the Old World. It can be found in various locations ranging from Great Britain in the west to central and northern Europe, Asia, and even the Pacific coast of Japan and Russia. Although they are not common vagrants in North America, there have been a few sightings in Alaska. Interestingly, in Europe, they are simply referred to as “Bullfinch.”
These birds thrive in a diverse range of wooded and scrubby habitats. They have adapted remarkably well to human presence and can frequently be observed in gardens, farmland, suburban areas, hedgerows, orchards, and parks. They prefer scattered thick shrubs and vegetation within these environments. However, they have a notorious habit of feeding on buds of fruit trees during springtime, which often earns them ridicule from orchard owners and farmers.
Their primary source of sustenance is seeds and berries from plants, but they also feed on buds and other parts of various plants. During the breeding season, they tend to supplement their diet with insects and provide the young with these tiny creatures and other small invertebrates.
The social behavior of this particular species is not known for being very sociable. They tend to be found in pairs that are breeding or in smaller family groups.
When it comes to nesting, the Eurasian Bullfinch constructs its home in the form of a cozy cup made up of lichens, twigs, and mosses. To make things even comfier, the nest is lined with animal hair, rootlets, or fine grasses. You can find their nests tucked away in thick foliage, usually in a tree or shrub, and anywhere from 3 to 10 feet off the ground. Mama bird lays between 3 to 6 eggs and takes on the role of incubating them. After about 2 weeks, the little ones hatch, and both parents work together to feed and care for them until they’re ready to take flight, which typically happens around 2 weeks after hatching. It’s not uncommon for these nesting pairs to have two broods each season.
The Eurasian Bullfinch’s song is a melodious combination of warbles that vary in pitch and tone. However, it can be challenging to hear this song as it is usually very quiet. Additionally, the bird’s call is a gentle “pew” sound.
Bird Migration: Northern birds in Europe and Asia migrate during their natural range, but birds in more moderate areas tend to stay as permanent residents.
Species that are alike: Easily recognizable by their unique plumage pattern if observed closely.
Birds that are fond of food can be easily attracted to feeders by offering various types of treats such as sunflower seeds, safflower, millet, suet, and fruits.
The current state of the population of this species seems to be in decline. In certain regions such as Great Britain, there has been a sharp decrease in numbers over the past few decades, which could possibly be attributed to the loss of hedgerows and other suitable shrubby habitat. Despite this, they can still be found across a vast expanse of land and are quite prevalent in certain areas within their range.